• A Guide to the History of Ancient Peoples

    There are many different perspectives on the история древних людей. Whether or not they had gods, how they lived, and how they developed societies were all contested topics. However, there are some basic guidelines for learning about the ancient peoples. These guidelines are based on research conducted by hundreds of experts and scholars. For more information, visit the History of Ancient Peoples website. Listed below are some of the most important details about the ancient civilizations.



    The period covered by ancient history includes the period from the beginning of writing to the end of the Roman Empire. It spans three millenniums and covers all of the continents inhabited by humans between 3000 BC and AD 500. Ancient history can be divided into three periods, and each period is usually marked by a different chronological start and end date. For example, the Bronze Age generally begins around 3000 BC, while the Iron Age begins a few centuries later, in the year 500 BC.


    Navigation in ancient times was based on sails or planked boats. The Khufu ship, which dates to the mid-3rd millennium BC, is a good example of this. According to the Greek historian Herodotus, Phoenicians once sailed from the Red Sea to the Nile. But, this story is disputed, and today only a few ancient civilizations have been explored and recorded.


    The earliest known civilisations in the world began in Mesopotamia. This region was home to the earliest known city-states, which collectively formed a civilisation by 3000 BC. This ancient culture developed religion, division of labour, and writing. The most important city-state at this time was Ur, which eventually evolved into the Akkadian Empire in the 24th century BC. The Akkadian Empire continued to expand across Mesopotamia, introducing writing and bronze smelting to Egypt.


    Between 8,000 and 100 B.C., most of North India was unified under the Gupta Empire. During this time, humans developed agriculture and traded goods. Archaic civilizations became more successful than their predecessors, establishing irrigation and trading networks. A large proportion of the population in the region migrated to the Mediterranean, while the ancient people of India settled in the Near East. And the ancient Indian population even travelled to the Old World to fight the Greeks.


    The Germanic migration to Britain started during the 5th century BC. This migration is recorded in Bede's Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum, which divides the population into Angles, Saxons, and Jutes. Some ancient peoples even migrated to North America, the Alps, and South America. The history of ancient people reflects many of the differences and similarities of the modern human population.


    The Indus Valley Civilisation was a large civilization, with cities neatly arranged on grid patterns. After 1900 BC, Indo-Aryan peoples took over and created the Vedic culture. Meanwhile, China was ruled by the Shang dynasty, the first Western-style regime recognized by scholars. It practiced forced labour and mass ritual burials. This was followed by the rise of the Roman Empire and the Greek Empire.